Wind turbines and farmland can work together, without impacting
on farming activities. Our turbines, wherever possible, are located
adjacent to existing access tracks or field boundaries to minimise
land take. The tracks and hard standing areas adjacent to the
turbines generally remain in situ for the lifetime of the wind
farm, while other areas are restored after construction is
completed. Taking into account access tracks and associated
infrastructure such as the control building, a wind farm typically
takes up less than 2% of the available land.
There is typically a short exclusivity period during which the
landowner will receive a payment whilst we negotiate the Option to
Lease terms. RES bears all land agent and legal fees throughout the
wind farms development and operational lifetime.
Once the terms have been agreed, we will enter the Option period
where the landowner will receive an annual payment until the lease
is exercised when we start construction. During the Option
period, for larger-scale projects, RES will install a met mast to
measure the wind. This will enable RES to thoroughly understand the
wind regime for the site.
As part of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for a wind
farm, we are required to undertake wildlife and habitat surveys.
This can be complementary to existing Environmental Stewardship
Schemes, Biodiversity Action Plans, Woodland Grant Schemes etc. RES
compensates for loss of income received under these schemes. RES
pays full compensation for any crop loss during the construction
Once a wind farm is up and running, livestock and arable farming
can continue as normal, right up to the base of each turbine.
Sheep, cattle and other livestock will happily graze under
turbines, and crop harvesting continues unaffected. The wind farm
will provide the landowner with a stable and regular income for 25
At the end of the life of the wind farm, all of the wind turbines
and associated infrastructure are removed, including any
underground structures or cables to ploughing depth. Concrete
foundations below one metre would normally be left in place, the
ground surface would be fully restored and all visible signs of the
wind farm would be removed.